Hudson CI for Testing

We are heavily using Hudson for testing a product we are working on. Other than maintenance and some instability issues, it’s been a great experience working with Hudson. We started out with just a single machine running Hudson server and then soon moved to a master-slave configuration where we have setup one master connected to four slaves. We are currently running about 10-15 jobs on this setup at one point or another during the day and use it to run pre-checkins (well in a way *post*-checkins), BATs and regression runs.

Here are a couple of screenshots that I took  when we were just getting started and were stabilizing Hudson and the product.

We have the following kinds of jobs running on this system:

  1. Pre-checkins: We provide development team with a set of tests that they are supposed to run before they commit any code. To ensure that the development team was doing this, we have a job that runs pre-checkins tests on every commit. This helps us ensure that things remain green though out the day and we come to know of failures asap.
  2. BATs: Basic Acceptance Tests as another category of tests that help us ascertain the daily quality of builds. Before the QA picks up a build for testing, we run the BATs against the daily official build and make sure that all tests pass.
  3. Regression runs: We also use hudson to run regression tests. At time of taking this screenshots, we had only about a 1000 tests and hence had a single job which would run all the tests and would take about 6-7 hours to complete. Now, we have split up that job into multiple jobs by using multiple build stages that Hudson supports. I will talk more about this in a later post.
  4. Helper jobs: We have parameterized jobs setup that help any one (dev or QA) to start any kind of test run against an official or sandbox build.
  5. CI jobs: This is how Hudson was originally intended to be used. For each branch that we work on, we poll the SCM every 5 minutes to check for checkins and build the dev and QA code. This helps us ensure that the code any checkin hasn’t broken the QA build and that users have access to the latest artifacts/distributions at all times.

For the project, we had invested time into providing infrastructure to pick up official/sandbox builds and then using these builds to setup environment, configure tests and then execute the tests. We just had to put in some more time to change or add features to make it all work easier with Hudson. Now, instead of letting everyone fend for themselves when it comes to setting up environments for testing and then reporting the results, we use Hudson to automate that process to a very large extent and make these tasks more manageable and the product quality more visible.

My Toyota Camry’s mileage

Tracked the mileage of my car for about 3 years. Most of my driving was city driving and about 15-25 miles a day. Took a few road trips as well, longest being to Las Vegas, Grand Canyon and back to bay area. Some of the numbers are missing and some are skewed because of getting different amounts of gas filled but the average mileage does come out to about 20-22 mpg.

Date Miles Gallons Amount Price Mileage
10/30/06 355 15.092 $35.00 $2.319 19.613
11/13/06 651 14.332 $34.10 $2.379 20.514
11/23/06 945 13.942 $34.56 $2.479 25.463
11/29/06 1,300 15.001 $36.14 $2.409 21.465
12/19/06 1,622 15.480 $41.01 $2.649 20.672
01/09/07 1,942 14.368 $38.35 $2.669 21.297
01/27/07 2,248 14.732 $37.55 $2.549 22.061
02/14/07 2,573 15.288 $42.79 $2.799 22.109
03/02/07 2,911 16.074 $48.05 $2.989 18.290
03/10/07 3,205 12.090 $38.68 $3.199 28.040
03/24/07 3,544 15.365 $49.15 $3.199 21.282
04/12/07 3,871 15.209 $50.78 $3.339 24.328
04/20/07 4,241 15.647 $52.71 $3.369 21.474
05/13/07 4,577 16.001 $55.51 $3.469 16.061
05/25/07 4,834 10.738 $36.93 $3.439
05/26/07 5,229 14.077 $47.85 $3.399 22.661
05/27/07 5,548 7.023 $25.14 $3.580
05/31/07 5,758 14.522 $49.65 $3.419 21.898
06/22/07 6,076 15.975 $52.70 $3.299 22.160
07/05/07 6,430 15.987 $50.18 $3.139 21.517
07/14/07 6,774 14.929 $47.61 $3.189 22.373
08/07/07 7,108 15.436 $46.91 $3.039 21.379
08/25/07 7,438 14.856 $42.18 $2.839 22.281
09/07/07 7,769 15.579 $45.01 $2.889 24.584
09/24/07 8,152 16.550 $49.47 $2.989 23.142
10/12/07 8,535 15.955 $49.76 $3.119 21.811
10/26/07 8,883 15.678 $50.47 $3.219 23.536
11/11/07 9,252 16.274 $55.64 $3.419 10.630
11/18/07 9,425 7.864 $27.36 $3.479 50.483
11/26/07 9,822 15.581 $53.89 $3.459 20.538
01/06/08 10,142 14.811 $50.34 $3.399 23.496
01/18/08 10,490 14.921 $49.08 $3.289 21.781
02/01/08 10,815 15.337 $48.45 $3.159 23.342
02/18/08 11,173 15.779 $51.74 $3.279 21.801
03/03/08 11,517 15.932 $56.38 $3.539 22.219
03/13/08 11,871 15.953 $58.05 $3.639 22.692
03/29/08 12,233 5.497 $20.00 $3.638 29.471
04/01/08 12,395 15.965 $58.74 $3.679 22.863
04/19/08 12,760 15.558 $60.04 $3.859 24.296
05/04/08 13,138 15.697 $61.67 $3.929
05/22/08 15.948 $65.06 $4.080
06/08/08 13,810 10.372 $45.00 $4.339 35.866
06/21/08 14,182 16.487 $75.00 $4.549 22.442
07/07/08 14,552 15.003 $67.95 $4.529 26.728
07/26/08 14,953 15.224 $66.77 $4.386 23.975
08/15/08 15,318 15.094 $62.78 $4.159 23.122
08/27/08 15,667 14.551 $57.90 $3.979 25.222
09/15/08 16,034 15.227 $59.07 $3.879 23.248
10/01/08 16,388 14.544 $54.38 $3.739 24.684
10/17/08 16,747 15.093 $52.21 $3.459 27.430
10/29/08 17,161 7.671 $25.00 $3.259 27.115
11/03/08 17,369 16.543 $48.95 $2.959 21.943
11/23/08 17,732 15.059 $32.51 $2.159 24.172
01/12/09 18,096 15.338 $31.22 $2.035
01/25/09 16.237 $34.08 $2.099
02/13/09 14.644 $33.08 $2.259
03/03/09 12.829 $28.47 $2.219
03/21/09 14.982 $32.05 $2.139
04/13/09 19,889 15.671 $36.03 $2.299 24.759
05/07/09 20,277 14.845 $36.06 $2.429 19.333
05/22/09 20,564 11.333 $29.91 $2.639 18.265
05/22/09 20,771 6.846 $18.20 $2.658 51.855
05/23/09 21,126 12.561 $30.64 $2.439 14.887
05/24/09 21,313 6.978 $18.83 $2.698 61.479
05/25/09 21,742 14.330 $38.82 $2.709 24.703
05/25/09 22,096 12.850 $35.71 $2.779 32.840
06/11/09 22,518 15.301 $46.19 $3.019
07/04/09 14.119 $42.34 $2.999
07/20/09 23,303 14.826 $42.09 $2.839
08/16/09 15.099 $46.79 $3.099
09/24/09 15.670 $50.13 $3.199
10/11/09 14.757 $46.62 $3.159
11/12/09 14.591 $43.76 $2.999
12/10/09 15.355 $44.82 $2.919
02/28/10 14.865 $44.58 $2.999

Here are some graphs from OpenOffice to visualize this information.

Hopefully this information is helpful to someone.

pedo? maybe not :-)

pedo ? maybe not... :)
Found on door in a friend’s apartment complex in SF

Running single test or class using TestNG and Ant

I have been using TestNG for a while now in the latest project that I am working on. We have developed a whole suite of tests for an application and TestNG has really served us well.

When it comes to running tests, we find that people (developer, testers and others) usually are hesitant to use something that involves much learning or is different from how they are used to doing things currently. So, we found it very useful to provide utilities that made it easy for anyone to be able to pick up test artifacts and with-in a few steps be able to run tests to reproduce bugs. Because we are building our project using ant, it was easy to provide a build.xml with the test distribution that will able to run the TestNG tests. This keeps things simple and uniform.

The TestNG ant task uses TestNG suites defined in XML files to run tests. It doesn’t provide an easy way to run a single test method or all the test methods in a single class. Basically, anytime someone has to run a test using this task, they need to create an XML file specifying the class and method for that test in an XML file and then execute the ant task. This can be simplified by letting ant targets take care of setting up the XML file with the require test and then executing it.

It’s quite simple. You just need to create a TestNG suite XML template, modify it with the parameters that the user passes in on command line and then execute the TestNG ant task. Here’s how this can be achieved. First, create a template XML file like the following at ${testng.templates}/testfn.xml:

< !DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "" >
<suite name="Single Method Suite">
   <test name="Single Method Test">
         <class name="@CLASS@">
               <exclude name=".*" />
               <include name="@TEST@" />

Now, you can add the following target to the build file:

<target name="run-single-test" 
         description="run a specific test. Requires property set to fully qualified name of test class and property set to method name">
   <condition property="propsSpecified">
         <isset property="" />
         <isset property="" />
   <fail unless="propsSpecified" 
            message=" and/or property not specified."/>
   <copy todir="${tmp.dir}" file="${testng.templates}/testfn.xml" overwrite="true">
         <filter token="CLASS" value="${}"/>
         <filter token="TEST" value="${}"/>
   <testng classpathref="lib.path"
      <xmlfileset dir="${tmp.dir}" includes="testfn.xml" />
      <jvmarg value="-Xmx1024m"/>

The target picks the testfn.xml file, replaces the tokens with the specified input and copies it to the temp location. Now, the TestNG task can use this updated XML file to run tests. This target is invoked as:

ant run-single-test

for the following class:

package com.nalinmakar.testng.ant;
public class Demo
   public void Test1()
      //do something
   public void Test2()
      //do something

Similarly, you can also create a template and another ant target for running all the test methods in a class:

< !DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "" >
<suite name="Single Class Suite">
   <test name="Class Test">
         <class name="@CLASS@"  />
<target name="run-class"
        description="run all methods in a specific test class. Requires property to be set to fully qualified name of class">
   <condition property="classNameSpecified">
      <isset property="" />
   <fail unless="classNameSpecified"
         message=" property not specified. Don't know which test class to run."/>
   <copy todir="${tmp.dir}" file="${testng.templates}/class.xml" overwrite="true">
         <filter token="CLASS" value="${}"/>
   <testng classpathref="lib.path"
      <jvmarg value="-Xmx1024m"/>
      <xmlfileset dir="${tmp.dir}" includes="class.xml" />

and can invoke this as

ant run-single-test

Fix “500 Internal Error” in WordPress

I recently upgraded my WordPress installation to the latest version (2.8.6) and started running into issues with uploading images. Every time I tried using the Flash Uploader I would see

HTTP Error.

On trying to use the non-flash browser based uploader, I saw the following:

Error 500 – Internal server error
An internal server error has occured!
Please try again later.

I googled quite a bit and finally found a solution. This error can happen because of quite a few different reasons:

  1. Incompatible plugins
  2. Incorrect .htaccess file contents
  3. PHP running out of memory
  4. Incorrect file permissions
  5. Not using PHP5

Incompatible plugins

Easiest way to find if this is the issue is to deactivate all plug-ins and see if the issue still persists. If it goes away you can activate each plug-in one by one to find the culprit. You can read more on managing plug-ins here.

Incorrect .htaccess file contents

For some people, the issue went away after fixing the .htaccess file contents. You need to ensure that the .htaccess file at root of your website has the following contents:

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
# END WordPress

You can read more about it here.

PHP running out of Memory

This can happen if you are using some memory hungry plug-ins. You can fix this issue by adding a php.ini file in <wordpresss_root>/wp-admin folder with the following contents:


You can read more about this at, where this is explained in more details.

Incorrect file permissions

WordPress can start acting up if the permissions on directories and files in WordPress installation aren’t set up properly. You can ensure that this is fixed by logging into your hosting provider and making sure all files and directories have permissions set to 755.

Another issue that might lead to errors while uploading is certain security issues with files used for uploading. This can be fixed by using Image Upload HTTP Error Fix plug-in. Otherwise, you could edit .htaccess to add the following lines:

#BEGIN Image Upload HTTP Error Fix
<IfModule mod_security.c>
<Files async-upload.php>
SecFilterEngine Off
SecFilterScanPOST Off
<IfModule security_module>
<Files async-upload.php>
SecFilterEngine Off
SecFilterScanPOST Off
<IfModule security2_module>
<Files async-upload.php>
SecFilterEngine Off
SecFilterScanPOST Off
#END Image Upload HTTP Error Fix

Not using PHP5

Even after doing all the above, things weren’t working for me. That is when I came across this post, which explains that the issue could be because PHP5 wasn’t enabled. According to a help article on, fix is to just add the following line in .htaccess file:

#enable php5
AddType x-mapp-php5 .php

This fixed the issue for me!

Hope this helps.

Tropical Cyclone Nisha

Came across this last year while checking on Hyderabad’s weather in December. They actually named a tropical cyclone after my wife’s name !! 🙂

The cyclone went over the southern regions of India and has now settled in my life 😀


Desi Habits

Got the following list as a forward. Being quite a typical desi, I do have to agree with quite a few of them 🙂

  • The only reason you go to a temple on festivals is because there is free food.
  • You keep comparing prices at electronics store for the phone you bought six months ago.
  • You bought a Toyota or Honda car only because it has better resale value.
  • You ask for a small drink at fast food restaurant because the refill is free.
  • You spent 2 days cleaning your apartment before leaving so you can get full security refund from your landlord.
  • You don’t know any American outside your work.
  • You try to ignore all other unknown desis around you.
  • You talk to Americans as if you represent your whole country.
  • You frequent to yard sales every week.
  • You use grocery bags as garbage bags.
  • Office supplies mysteriously find their way in your house.
  • You don’t want to buy a printer because you can always use the office printer.
  • You decide to marry a girl/guy that your parents fixed you up with.
  • You split the tax from your common grocery bill.
  • You know more than one plans offered by long distance companies.
  • You take plain water instead of Coke for lunch.
  • You take any drink with no ice because you can’t drink ice.
  • You ask before eating any meat “Is this beef?”
  • You know all the facilities available at public library.
  • You find taco bell sauce packets in your kitchen drawer.
  • You take off your shoes before stepping foot in your living room.
  • You like onion rings at Burger King.
  • You are looking for dual voltage appliances and GSM cellphones
  • The number of long distance calls is more than domestic calls.
  • Your first name ends with kumar, bhai or ben
  • You have at least one India made pressure cooker in your kitchen.
  • You know how much a 7 layer burrito costs at Taco Bell.
  • Put oil in your hair.
  • You have a picture of Indian Deity on the dashboard of your car.
  • This thought comes to you “Oh Shit I just saw another desis” when you are window shopping at a local mall.
  • You are compelled to visit every major city in U.S. just so as to say that “Yes, I have been there”.
  • You pay your bills the day they come in mail.
  • You buy rice in the 20lb bags or larger.
  • You have postponed buying answering machine because the phone you are planning to buy six months later has built-in answering machine.
  • You start spelling your name to the operator like A as in Apple, B as in boy, T as in train… well you get the idea.
  • You bring over the counter medicine like Iodex and Vicks from India
  • You know the current differential in gold prices between India and U.S.
  • Use the credit card with maximum cash back
  • You have collected enough frequent flier miles for an international trip.
  • You are saving more than 30% of your salary.

Remove menu icons in Mac

I had a lingering networking related icon in the menu bar that I could find a way to get rid of. I tried looking at all the settings I could find in System Preferences to get hide the icon, but was unsuccessfuly.

Finally after googling a bit, I came to know that it is infact very very simple to do this.

Hold down the command key and drag the icon out of the menu bar. Done.